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圣诞节的由来简介

发布时间:2015-06-08 来源: 清明节的由来

第一篇:圣诞节的由来简介

圣诞节的由来 圣诞节(Christmas),这个名称是“基督弥撒”的缩写。弥撒是教会的一种礼拜仪式。圣 诞节是一个宗教节。因为把它当作耶稣的诞辰来庆祝,因而又名耶诞节。这一天,世界所有 的基督教会都举行特别的礼拜仪式。

每年 12 月 25 日, 是基督徒庆祝耶稣基督诞生的庆祝日, 在圣诞节, 大部分的天主教教堂都会先在 12 月 24 日的耶诞夜, 亦即 12 月 25 日凌晨举行子 夜弥撒,而一些基督教会则会举行报佳音,然后在 12 月 25 日庆祝圣诞节;而基督教的另一 大分支——东正教的圣诞节庆祝则在每年的 1 月 7 日。

中文名

圣诞节 时间:12 月 25 日 Christmas 起源:基督教 外文名: 圣诞节也是西方世界以及其他很多地区的公共假日,例如:在亚洲的香港、马来西亚和新加 坡。世界上的非基督徒只是把圣诞节当作一个世俗的文化节日看待。 为了尊重其它信仰的人士,以淡化圣诞节的宗教色彩。荷兰语名称类似英语,称作 Kerstroeten。圣诞节西班牙语称为 Navidad(或 Pascuas),葡萄牙语称为 Festas,波兰语称为 Narodzenie, 法语称为 Noel, 意大利语称为 Natale, 加泰罗尼亚语称为 Nadal, 意思是“诞生”, 更清晰地反映圣诞节的意思。与此相对,德语称为 Weihnachten,意思为“神圣的夜晚”。 圣诞节的风俗和那些可以代表圣诞特色的事物 西方人以红、绿、白三色为圣诞色,圣诞节来临时家家户户都要用圣诞色来装饰。红色 的有圣诞花和圣诞蜡烛。绿色的是圣诞树。它是圣诞节的主要装饰品,用砍伐来的杉、柏 一类呈塔形的常青树装饰而成。上面悬挂着五颜六色的彩灯、礼物和纸花,还点燃着圣诞 蜡烛。

红色与白色相映成趣的是圣诞老人, 他是圣诞节活动中最受欢迎的人物。

西方儿童在圣 诞夜临睡之前, 要在壁炉前或枕头旁放上一只袜子, 等候圣诞老人在他们入睡后把礼物放在 袜子内。在西方,扮演圣诞老人也是一种习俗。

圣诞习俗数量众多,包括世俗,宗教,国家,圣诞相关,国与国之间差别很大。大部分 人熟悉的圣诞符号及活动,如圣诞树,圣诞火腿,圣诞柴,冬青,槲寄生以及互赠礼物, 圣诞树被认为最早出现在德国。

自从圣诞庆祝习俗在北欧流行后,结合着北半球冬季的圣诞装饰和圣诞老人神话出现 了。 圣诞树 圣诞树 圣诞树(Christmas tree)是圣诞节庆祝中最有名的传统之一。通常人们在圣诞前后把一 棵常绿植物如松树弄进屋里或者在户外, 并用圣诞灯和彩色的装饰物装饰。

并把一个天使或 星星放在树的顶上。

用灯烛和装饰品把枞树或洋松装点起来的常青树, 作为圣诞节庆祝活动的一部分。

近代 圣诞树起源于德国。德国人于每年 12 月 24 日,即亚当和夏娃节,在家里布置一株枞树(伊 甸园之树),将薄饼乾挂在上面,象徵圣饼(基督徒赎罪的标记)。近代改用各式小甜饼代替圣 饼,还常加上象徵基督的蜡烛。此外,室内还设有圣诞塔,是一木质的三角形结构,上有许 多小架格放置基督雕像,塔身饰以常青树枝叶、蜡烛和一颗星。到 16 世纪,圣诞塔和伊甸 园树合并为圣诞树。

在西方国家里, 圣诞节也是一个家庭团聚和喜庆的节日, 通常会在家里陈设一棵圣 诞树。

在西方, 不论是否基督徒, 过圣诞节时都要准备一棵圣诞树, 以增加节日的欢乐气氛。

圣诞树一般是用杉柏之类的常绿树做成, 象征生命长存。

树上装饰着各种灯烛、 彩花、 玩具、 星星,挂上各种圣诞礼物。圣诞之夜,人们围着圣诞树唱歌跳舞,尽情欢乐。 圣诞卡 圣诞卡(圣诞卡片)在美国和欧洲很流行,也是为维持远方亲朋好友关系的方式之一。

许多家庭随贺卡带上年度家庭合照或家庭新闻, 新闻一般包括家庭成员在过去一年的优点特 长等内容。 圣诞袜 姜饼屋 圣诞帽 最早以前是一对红色的大袜子,大小不拘。因为圣诞袜是要用来装礼 物的,所以是小朋友最喜欢的东西,晚上他们会将自己的袜子挂在床边,等待第二天早上收 礼。

圣诞帽 那是一顶红色帽子, 据说晚上戴上睡觉除了睡得安稳和有点暖外, 第二天你还会发现在 帽子里多了点心爱的人送的礼物。在狂欢夜它更是全场的主角,无论你去到哪个角落,都会 看到各式各样的圣诞帽。 西欧 为了庆祝圣诞节所装饰的房子(英国西南部)在英国, 圣诞拉炮(Christmas cracker)是一种庆祝圣诞节不可或缺的形式,而圣诞童话闹剧(pantomime)更是风行于年 轻的家庭中。节日 Nine Lessons and Carols 在剑桥是一个很流行的宗教活动。自从西元 1947 年开始每年挪威首都奥斯陆都会赠送一 北美洲及中美洲 除了在加拿大魁北克省出现法国式的圣诞老人 Pere Noel 之外,在美国和加拿大,圣诞 老人的习俗基本上是相同的。

纽约洛克菲勒中心的摆放圣诞树和滑冰场的盛大溜冰活动、 华 盛顿的给白宫上圣诞装饰的的活动, 是美国圣诞节中最亮丽的风景线。

北美防空联合司令部 在每年都会跟踪圣诞老人在全球的行程,这引起了众多媒体的关注和报道。 圣诞老人 圣诞老人原来的名字叫做尼古拉,在第四世纪的时候,出生在小亚细亚巴大拉城,家庭 富有,父母亲是非常热心的天主教友,不幸他的父母早逝。尼古拉长大以后,便把丰富的财 产,全部捐送给贫苦可怜的人,自己则出家修道,献身教会,终生为社会服务。尼古拉后来 作了神父, 而且还升为主教。

他一生当中, 做了很多慈善的工作, 他最喜欢在暗中帮助穷人, 圣诞老人是他后来的别号,这个名字是出自他暗中送钱,帮助三个女孩子的故事。

据说在尼古拉不远的地方,住着三个美丽的少女,他们分别是二十、十八、十六岁。父 亲是一位清寒的学者,经常靠借贷来过日子。有一次,因为没有能力还债,只好狠心把美丽 健康的三女儿,卖给债主带到非洲去做女仆人。三个女儿知道了这件事情,便拥抱在一起伤 心的痛哭着,家中悲伤的情形,是可以想象得到的。尼古拉知道了这件事,跑到她们家中, 安慰了一番。到了夜里,尼古拉就装了三长袜子的金子,偷偷地挂在三个少女的窗前。他们 有了金子,还了父亲的债,三女儿也就脱免了作女仆的命运。第二天正是圣诞节,她们知道 是尼古拉作的好事,便请他来一面庆祝一面感谢。以后每到圣诞节,这三个少女就讲这个故 事。孩子们听了,非常的羡慕,也希望圣诞老人,来送给他们一袜子礼物。

圣诞老人的来源要追溯到上世纪,正如我们所知,他是不同传说和神秘人型的结合体。

圣诞老人的前身是土耳其西部港口城市伊兹密尔的主教尼古拉斯, 他生活在公元 4 世纪, 是 善良、慷慨、对孩子们非常好的有钱人。东正教尊重尼古拉斯,视其为创造奇迹的人。在德 国中部和北部地区,尼古拉斯被称为“圣诞老人”,在英国被称为“圣诞父亲”,被美国的荷兰 移民称为后来的“SantaClaus”。孩子们都想知道圣诞老人住在何处,他们何时会收到礼物? 答案通常是圣诞老人住在北极, 他的作坊生产圣诞礼物。

1927 年被孩子们称做“Markus 叔叔” 的儿童节目主持人 MarkusRautio 第一次透露:圣诞老人生活在拉普兰的 Korvatunturi。 正像中国人过春节吃年饭一样,欧美人过圣诞节也很注重全家人围坐在圣诞树下,共 进节日美餐。

圣诞大餐吃火鸡的习俗始于 1620 年。这种风俗盛于美国。英国人的 圣诞晚宴 圣诞大餐是烤鹅,而非火鸡。澳大利亚人爱在平安夜里,全家老小约上亲友成群结队地到餐 馆去吃一顿圣诞大餐,其中,火鸡、腊鸡、烧牛仔肉和猪腿必不可少,同时伴以名酒,吃得 大家欢天喜地。

在传统的圣诞餐桌上,烤火鸡是不可缺少的菜式。在一些亚洲国家,或许每年只有圣诞 节这一天才吃火鸡, 以庆祝佳节; 但在欧美, 尤其是美洲大陆, 火鸡却是很普通的一种肉食, 而且在感恩节和圣诞节这两个大日子,火鸡更是传统的食品。

火鸡是美洲特产,在欧洲人到美洲之前,已经被印地安人驯化。火鸡的名字在英文中叫 “土耳其”。因为欧洲人觉得它的样子像土耳其的服装:身黑头红。欧洲人很喜欢吃烤鹅。在 移民到美洲之后, 还没有养好鹅就有了吃鹅的要求, 于是就吃火鸡, 竟然发现火鸡比鹅好吃。

而且北美洲有很多火鸡。于是烤火鸡成了美国人的大菜,重要节日中必不可少。这种风俗已 有三百多年的历史了。

据说在一六二零年的圣诞节, 大批来自英国的移民抵达美洲大陆的朴 里茅斯山。当时,那儿物产贫乏,只有遍布山野的火鸡,于是他们便捉火鸡,作为过节的主 因此圣诞大餐里, 除了火腿、 甘薯、 蔬菜、 葡萄干布丁、水果饼、鸡尾酒之外,当然少 不了火鸡这位“仁兄”了! 菜。 特别的冬青和槲寄生是传统采用的材料。

在南北美洲和少数欧洲地区, 传统上户外以灯光装 饰,包括用灯火装饰的雪橇、雪人和其他圣诞形象。冬青和槲寄生是传统采用的材料.在南 北美洲和少数欧洲地区,传统上户外以灯光装饰,包括用灯火装饰的雪橇,雪人和其他圣诞 形象。

传统的圣诞花是猩猩木(别名一品红、圣诞红,花色有猩红、粉红、乳白等).圣诞植 物还包括冬青,红孤挺花,圣诞仙人掌。

普遍市政当局也会对圣诞装饰加以支持,在街道悬挂圣诞标语或者是在广场放置圣诞 树。在美国,装饰还曾经因为包括了宗教主题而被多次起诉,控方认为这是政府认可某种特 定宗教行为,违反了宗教自由。

圣诞节环 圣诞长青环 西方国家圣诞节其间挂在家门口用的装饰品,通常用绿色的枝叶或藤条(松毛、松针等) 和银色的金属及金色的铃铛配以红色的缎带组成。主色调绿、白、黄、红代表欢乐喜庆,上 面写着 MERRY CHRISTMAS ,或者简写为 X'mas。

圣诞节的陈设配饰设计与橱窗设计 欢乐的圣诞节即将到来,各服饰、家居品牌都开始为节日的橱窗陈列做准备工作,策划 主题、搜集设计元素、选择物料……,力求让自己的品牌在这场销售大战中强占市场份额。

连日的雪花飞舞, 为这个圣诞节披上了节日的盛装, 来自南方的陈列设计师们在中赫时 尚第一次感受真正的白色圣诞节,感受到冬日的寒冷,但更多的是被久违的雪花吸引,被雪 花铺就的晶莹世界吸引,被白雪映衬下的艳丽色彩、肌理、构图所吸引。他们说:这回再做 冬装的卖场陈列和天寒地冻的橱窗设计知道从哪里下手了! 我们太幸运了! 茫茫的白雪让他 们欣喜、灵感迸发,热情高涨。

第一篇:圣诞节的由来简介

圣诞节的由来 世界上究竟有多少节日?恐怕谁也说不清。但世界上哪个节日影响最大, 流传最广?答案却是明确的,这就是圣诞节。

地球上有 140 多个国家和地区庆祝圣诞节。节期从 12 月 24 日一直到第二 年的 1 月 6 日,是世界上流传范围最广,参与的人数最多的节日。可以说,圣 诞节是个超越国界的普天同庆的世界性节日。

圣诞节是纪念基督教创始人耶稣诞生的节日。据《圣经》记载:未婚女玛 丽亚由于“圣灵感孕”,在一个冬天的夜晚,生下了耶稣。基督徒们就把耶稣 降生的这一年作为世界的开始,算是“公元元年”现在国际上通用的就是这种 纪年法,叫做“公元”,也就是我们所说“公历”。耶稣的生日在历史上并没 有记载,直到公元 354 年罗马天主教会才规定 12 月 25 日为“圣诞节”。为为 什么要选择这一天呢?原来,每年的 12 月 25 日是农神节,这个节日紧跟在农 历冬至之后,冬至时白天最短,黑夜最长,日照最少。从农神节开始,白天逐 渐变长,黑夜逐渐变短,日照时间越来越长,太阳赐予人们光明和温暖与日俱 增。人们为了感谢太阳的恩赐,在农神节时常常要举行多种多样的庆祝活动, 并向太阳行叩拜礼。把耶稣的诞辰定为和农神节同一天,无非是为了表示耶稣 的降生就是太阳的再生,耶稣就像太阳一样普照众生。于是,耶稣的生日就这 样被人们制造出来了。

虽然圣诞节是在 12 月 25 日,但欢度圣诞却从 12 月 24 日就开始了。这就 像中国人过春节并不从正月初一开始,而是从大年三十开始一样。

欢度圣诞节的活动,虽然各个国家不完全相同,但大同小异。单从这一点 看,就充分说明圣诞节确实是一个很不一般的世界性节日。

第一篇:圣诞节的由来简介

圣诞节的来历(中英文版) 圣诞节的来历(中英文版) Christmas is a Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. No one knows the exact date of Christ's birth, but most Christians observe Christmas on December 25. On this day, many go to church, where they take part in special religious services. During the Christmas season, they also exchange gifts and decorate their homes with holly, mistletoe, and Christmas trees. The word Christmas comes from Cristes maesse, an early English phrase that means Mass of Christ. The story of Christmas comes chiefly from the Gospels of Saint Luke and Saint Matthew in the New Testament. The history of Christmas dates back over 4000 years. Many of our Christmas traditions were celebrated centuries before the Christ child was born. The 12 days of Christmas, the bright fires, the yule log, the giving of gifts, carnivals(parades) with floats, carolers who sing while going from house to house, the holiday feasts, and the church processions can all be traced back to the early Mesopotamians. Many of these traditions began with the Mesopotamian celebration of New Years. The Mesopotamians believed in many gods, and as their chief god-Marduk. Each year as winter arrived it was believed that Marduk would do battle with the monsters of chaos. To assist Marduk in his struggle the Mesopotamians held a festival for the New Year. This was Zagmuk, the New Year's festival that lasted for 12 days. The Persians and the Babylonians celebrated a similar festival called the Sacaea. Part of that celebration included the exchanging of places, the slaves would become the masters and the masters were to obey. The ancient Greeks held a festival similar to that of the Zagmuk/Sacaea festivals to assist their god Kronos who would battle the god Zeus and his Titans. The Roman's celebrated their god Saturn. Their festival was called Saturnalia which began the middle of December and ended January 1st. With cries of Jo Saturnalia! the celebration would include masquerades in the streets, big festive meals, visiting friends, and the exchange of good-luck gifts called Strenae (lucky fruits). The Romans decked their halls with garlands of laurel and green trees lit with candles. Again the masters and slaves would exchange places. Jo Saturnalia! was a fun and festive time for the Romans, but the Christians thought it an abomination to honor the pagan god. The early Christians wanted to keep the birthday of their Christ child a solemn and religious holiday, not one of cheer and merriment as was the pagan Saturnalia. Some legends claim that the Christian Christmas celebration was invented to compete against the pagan celebrations of December. The 25th was not only sacred to the Romans but also the Persians whose religion Mithraism was one of Christianity's main rivals at that time. The Church eventually was successful in taking the merriment, lights, and gifts from the Saturanilia festival and bringing them to the celebration of Christmas. The exact day of the Christ child's birth has never been pinpointed. Traditions say that it has been celebrated since the year 98 AD. In 137 AD the Bishop of Rome ordered the birthday of the Christ Child celebrated as a solemn feast. In 350 AD another Bishop of Rome, Julius I, choose December 25th as the observance of Christmas. The birth of Jesus had a story

In Nazareth, a city of Galilee. The virgin's name was Mary was betrothed to Joseph. Before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit. Joseph her husband was minded to put her away secretly. While he thought about these things, Gabriel, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and told him did not be afraid to take Mary as wife. And Mary will bring forth a Son, and he shall call his name, Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins. Before Jesus births, Joseph and Mary came to Quirnius was governing Syria. So all went to be registered, everyone to his own city. Joseph also went up out of Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and of the lineage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed wife, who was with child. So it was that while they were there, the days were completed for her to be delivered. And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrapped him in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn. And that, Christmas is the feast of the nativity of Jesus, is on 25th, December every year. But nobody knows the actual birthday of Jesus. And the Christmas has become popular when Christmas cards appeared in 1846 and the concept of a jolly Santa Claus was first made popular in nineteenth Century. The custom of giving gifts to relatives and friends on a special day in winter probably began in ancient Rome and northern Europe. In these regions, people gave each other small presents as part of their year-end celebrations. In the 1800's, two more Christmas customs became popular--decorating Christmas trees and sending Christmas cards to relatives and friends. Many well-known Christmas carols, including ``Silent Night and ``Hark! The Herald Angels Sing, were composed during this period. In the United States and other countries, Santa Claus replaced Saint Nicholas as the symbol of gift giving. The word Xmas is sometimes used instead of Christmas. This tradition began in the early Christian church. In Greek, X is the first letter of Christ's name. It was frequently used as a holy symbol. “圣诞节”这个名称是“基督弥撒”的缩写。

弥撒是教会的一种礼拜仪式。

耶诞节是一个宗 教节。我们把它当作耶稣的诞辰來庆祝,因而又名耶诞节。这一天,世界所有的基督教会都 举行特別的礼拜仪式。但是有很多圣诞节的欢庆活动和宗教并无半点关联。交换礼物,寄圣 诞卡,这都使圣诞节成为一个普天同庆的日子。

圣诞节是基督教世界最大的节日。4 世纪初,1 月 6 日是罗马帝国东部各教会纪念耶稣降生 和受洗的双重节日、 称为“主显节”Epiphany, 亦称“显现节”即上帝通过耶稣向世人显示 自己。当时只有耶路撒冷的教会例外,那里只纪念耶稣的诞生而不纪念耶稣的受洗。 与圣诞节相关的中英文词汇 圣诞:the birthday of Jesus Christ 圣诞节:Christmas day,Xm.,Xmas 圣诞歌:Christmas carol 圣诞卡:Christmas card 圣诞老人:Santa Claus 圣诞树:Christmas tree 圣诞快乐:Merry Christmas 圣诞柴:yule log(圣诞节原木形大蛋糕) 圣诞节的次日:Boxing Day 圣诞晚会:Christmas party 圣诞节日历:menology 圣诞节前夕(12 月 24 日) :Christmas Eve 圣诞节期:Christmastime 圣诞季节:yule,yuletide,yuletime 英文圣诞节介绍 MERRY CHRISTMAS December 25th is the day of celebration and of fun and frolic. As the long awaited winter holidays arrive, Christmas spirit builds up. The lovely snowflakes, our dear Santa, decorated homes compl ete with whole range of Christmas star, mistletoe, the good-luck plant, ivy, laurels and not the least the beautifully decorated and illuminated Christmas tree are some of the inseparable parts of the p icture. The soft music of the Christmas carols and children eager to open their gifts certainly lend unique warmth to the coldest day of the year. The birth of Christ is perhaps the most popular festival around the world. The dark night sky, the c hilly winters all just provide the perfect backdrop for the reigning red and green colors that cheer u p the entire scenery. People visit their families and arrange some of the most lavish parties. The m ost awaited festival, the Christmas signifies love and kindness, joy and happiness. The holiday spir it of the season in one word is - infectious! We wish you a Merry Christmas We wish you a Merry Christmas We wish you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. Good tidings we bring to you and your kin Good tidings for Christmas and a Happy New Year. Oh, bring us a figgy pudding Oh, bring us a figgy pudding Oh, bring us a figgy pudding and a cup of good cheer

Refrain We won’t go until we get some We won’t go until we get some We won’t go until we ge作文t some, so bring some out here

Refrain We wish you a Merry Christmas We wish you a Merry Christmas We wish you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. 圣诞节短信[中英文互译] christmas greetings

: May the Christmas candle bring you peace and happiness. 愿圣诞之夜的烛光,带给你温馨和芬芳。

Best wishes at Christma.I miss you. 圣诞的祝福,真诚的思念。

Mountains and rivers cannot separate us.Maerry Christmas. 远隔千山万水,也隔不断我对你的思念。祝你圣 诞快乐。

Let`s share the happiness of Chirstmas 让我们一同分享这快乐的圣诞 At this happy moment.I miss you very much. 在着幸福的时刻,我更加的怀念你。

May peace and happiness be your every moment of the Christmas tide. 在着特别的日子里,原着小小的圣诞贺卡,带去 我对你特别的思念 Stars are shining.May Santa Claus come to you with joys and happiness. 星光闪烁,圣诞老人来到你的床前,将欢乐与祝 福,洒满你的房间。

May the spirit of Christmas bring you joys and happiness all through the New Year. 圣诞老人的祝福,陪伴着你,保佑着你,地久天 长。

With music,candle and bell may peace and happiness be with you. 乐声环绕,烛光闪烁,钟声飘向远方,让幸福、 安康、快乐,降临到你和家人的旁边。

Red candle ,pine tree and Christmas are greeting you,wishing youth and happiness be your. 红烛、松树、圣辰,祝福你,我的友人,青春永 驻,幸福长在。

Three hundred and sixty-five miles,everywhere be filled with my season greeting. Three hundred and sixty-five days,everywhere be touched with my warmest blessing. 365 里路,每一步都有我的圣诞祝福;365 个日夜, 每一天都有我温馨的问候。

More friendship-and friendship-closer and closerto our hearts 圣诞快乐,好友,我们的情谊,更加深厚;我们的 心灵,愈加相印。

My wishes come to you with the flying snow. May you be happy at Christmas and always. 我的心和雪花一起,飘落到你的门前,祝福,等 待着你;快乐,每一个圣诞。

Merry Christmas.Many happiness returns of the day. 恭贺圣诞,岁岁似今朝。

May the angel bring you peace,happiness,joys and fortunes. 愿可爱的小天使带给你平安,幸福,快乐和如意。 圣诞节由来——中英文版 “圣诞节”这个名称是“***弥撒”的缩写。弥撒是教会的一种礼拜仪式。耶诞节是一个宗节我们把它当作耶苏的 诞辰来庆祝,因而又名耶诞节。这一天,世界所有的***教会都举行特别的礼拜仪式。但是有很多圣诞节的 欢庆活动和宗教并无半点关联。交换礼物,寄圣诞卡,这都使圣诞节成为一个普天同庆的日子。

圣诞节是***教世界最大的节日。4 世纪初,1 月 6 日是罗马帝国东部各教会纪念那稣降生和受洗的双重节 日、 称为“主显节”Epiphany, 亦称“显现节”即上帝通过那稣向世人显示自己。

当时只有那路拉冷的教会例外, 那里只纪念耶稣的诞生而不纪念那稣的受洗。

后来历史学家们在罗马***徒习用的日历中发现公元 354 年 12 月 25 日页内记录着:“***降生在犹大的伯利恒。”经过研究,一般认为 12 月 25 日伴为圣诞节可能开始于 公元 336 年的罗马教会)约在公元 375 年传到小亚细亚的安提阿,公元 430 年传到埃及的亚历山大里亚, 那路撒冷的教会接受得最晚,而亚美尼亚的教会则仍然坚持 1 月 6 日主显节是那稣的诞辰。

12 月 25 日原来是波斯太阳神(即光明之神)密特拉(Mithra)的诞辰,是一个异教徒节日,同时太阳神 也是罗马国教众神之一。这一天又是罗马历书的冬至节,崇拜太阳神的异教徒都把这一天当作春天的希望, 万物复苏的开始。可能由于这个原因,罗马教会才选择这一天作为圣诞节。这是教会初期力图把异教徒的 风俗习惯***教化的措施之一。

后来,虽然大多数教会都接受 12 月 25 日为圣诞节,但又固各地教会使用的历书不同,具体日期不能统一, 于是就把 12 月 24 日到第二年的 1 月 6 日定为圣诞节节期(Christmas Tide) 各地教会可以根据当地具体情况在这段节期之内庆祝圣诞节。

, 自从 12 月 25 日被大多数教会公认为 圣诞节后,原来 1 月 6 日的主显节就只纪念耶稣受洗了,但天主教会又把 1 月 6 日定为“三王来朝节”,以 纪念耶稣生时东方三王(即三位博士)来朝拜的故事。随着***教的广泛传播,圣诞节已成为各教派***徒, 甚至广大非***徒群众的一个重要节日。在欧美许多国家里,人们非常重视这个节日,把它和新年连在一起, 而庆祝活动之热闹与隆重大大超过了新年,成为一个全民的节日。12 月 25 日的主要纪念活动都与那稣降 生的传说有关。

耶苏的出生是有一段故事的,耶苏是因着圣灵成孕,由童女马利亚所生的。神更派遣使者加伯列在梦中晓 谕约瑟,叫他不要因为马利亚未婚怀孕而不要她,反而要与她成亲,把那孩子起名为“耶苏”,意思是要他 把百姓从罪恶中救出来。

当马利亚快要临盆的时候,罗马政府下了命令,全部人民到伯利恒务必申报户籍。约瑟和马利亚只好遵命。

他们到达伯利恒时,天色已昏,无奈两人未能找到旅馆渡宿,只有一个马棚可以暂住。就在这时,耶苏要 出生了!於是马利亚唯有在马槽上,生下耶苏。后人为纪念耶苏的诞生,便定十二月二十五为圣诞节,年 年望弥撒,纪念耶苏的出世。 圣诞节便是於十二月二十五日纪念耶苏的诞生,但真实的诞生日就没有人知道了。十九世纪,圣诞卡的流 行、圣诞老人的出现,圣诞节也开始流行起来了。 Origin of Christmas The name Christmas is short for 'Christ's Mass'. A Mass is a kind of Church service. Christmas is a religious festival. It is the day we celebrate as the birthday of Jesus. There are special Christmas services in Christian churches all over the world. But many of the festivities of Christmas do not have anything to do with religion. Exchanging gifts and sending Christmas cards are the modern ways of celebrating the Christmas in the orld. The birth of Jesus had a story

In Nazareth, a city of Galilee. The virgin's name was Mary was betrothed to Joseph. Before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit. Joseph her husband was minded to put her away secretly. While he thought about these things, Gabriel, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and told him did not be afraid to take Mary as wife. And Mary will bring forth a Son, and he shall call his name, Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins. Before Jesus births, Joseph and Mary came to Quintus was governing Syria. So all went to be registered, everyone to his own city. Joseph also went up out of Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and of the lineage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed wife, who was with child. So it was that while they were there, the days were completed for her to be delivered. And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrapped him in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn. And that, Christmas is the feast of the nativity of Jesus, is on 25th, December every year. But nobody know the actual birthday of Jesus. And the Christmas has become popular when Christmas cards appeared in 1846 and the concept of a jolly Santa Claus was first made popular in nineteenth Century. 圣诞节的来历(中英文版) Christmas is a Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. No one knows the exact date of Christ's birth, but most Christians observe Christmas on December 25. On this day, many go to church, where they take part in special religious services. During the Christmas season, they also exchange gifts and decorate their homes with holly, mistletoe, and Christmas trees. The word Christmas comes from Cristes maesse, an early English phrase that means Mass of Christ. The story of Christmas comes chiefly from the Gospels of Saint Luke and Saint Matthew in the New Testament. The history of Christmas dates back over 4000 years. Many of our Christmas traditions were celebrated centuries before the Christ child was born. The 12 days of Christmas, the bright fires, the yule log, the giving of gifts, carnivals(parades) with floats, carolers who sing while going from house to house, the holiday feasts, and the church processions can all be traced back to the early Mesopotamians. Many of these traditions began with the Mesopotamian celebration of New Years. The Mesopotamians believed in many gods, and as their chief god-Marduk. Each year as winter arrived it was believed that Marduk would do battle with the monsters of chaos. To assist Marduk in his struggle the Mesopotamians held a festival for the New Year. This was Zagmuk, the New Year's festival that lasted for 12 days. The Persians and the Babylonians celebrated a similar festival called the Sacaea. Part of that celebration included the exchanging of places, the slaves would become the masters and the masters were to obey. The ancient Greeks held a festival similar to that of the Zagmuk/Sacaea festivals to assist their god Kronos who would battle the god Zeus and his Titans. The Roman's celebrated their god Saturn. Their festival was called Saturnalia which began the middle of December and ended January 1st. With cries of Jo Saturnalia! the celebration would include masquerades in the streets, big festive meals, visiting friends, and the exchange of good-luck gifts called Strenae (lucky fruits). The Romans decked their halls with garlands of laurel and green trees lit with candles. Again the masters and slaves would exchange places. Jo Saturnalia! was a fun and festive time for the Romans, but the Christians thought it an abomination to honor the pagan god. The early Christians wanted to keep the birthday of their Christ child a solemn and religious holiday, not one of cheer and merriment as was the pagan Saturnalia. Some legends claim that the Christian Christmas celebration was invented to compete against the pagan celebrations of December. The 25th was not only sacred to the Romans but also the Persians whose religion Mithraism was one of Christianity's main rivals at that time. The Church eventually was successful in taking the merriment, lights, and gifts from the Saturanilia festival and bringing them to the celebration of Christmas. The exact day of the Christ child's birth has never been pinpointed. Traditions say that it has been celebrated since the year 98 AD. In 137 AD the Bishop of Rome ordered the birthday of the Christ Child celebrated as a solemn feast. In 350 AD another Bishop of Rome, Julius I, choose December 25th as the observance of Christmas. The birth of Jesus had a story

In Nazareth, a city of Galilee. The virgin's name was Mary was betrothed to Joseph. Before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit. Joseph her husband was minded to put her away secretly. While he thought about these things, Gabriel, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and told him did not be afraid to take Mary as wife. And Mary will bring forth a Son, and he shall call his name, Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins. Before Jesus births, Joseph and Mary came to Quirnius was governing Syria. So all went to be registered, everyone to his own city. Joseph also went up out of Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and of the lineage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed wife, who was with child. So it was that while they were there, the days were completed for her to be delivered. And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrapped him in swaddling cloths, and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn. And that, Christmas is the feast of the nativity of Jesus, is on 25th, December every year. But nobody knows the actual birthday of Jesus. And the Christmas has become popular when Christmas cards appeared in 1846 and the concept of a jolly Santa Claus was first made popular in nineteenth Century. The custom of giving gifts to relatives and friends on a special day in winter probably began in ancient Rome and northern Europe. In these regions, people gave each other small presents as part of their year-end celebrations. In the 1800's, two more Christmas customs became popular--decorating Christmas trees and sending Christmas cards to relatives and friends. Many well-known Christmas carols, including ``Silent Night and ``Hark! The Herald Angels Sing, were composed during this period. In the United States and other countries, Santa Claus replaced Saint Nicholas as the symbol of gift giving. The word Xmas is sometimes used instead of Christmas. This tradition began in the early Christian church. In Greek, X is the first letter of Christ's name. It was frequently used as a holy symbol. “圣诞节”这个名称是“基督弥撒”的缩写。弥撒是教会的一种礼拜仪式。耶诞节是一个宗教节。

我们把它当作耶稣的诞辰来庆祝,因而又名耶诞节。这一天,世界所有的基督教会都举行特 别的礼拜仪式。但是有很多圣诞节的欢庆活动和宗教并无半点关联。交换礼物,寄圣诞卡, 这都使圣诞节成为一个普天同庆的日子。

圣诞节是基督教世界最大的节日。4 世纪初,1 月 6 日是罗马帝国东部各教会纪念耶稣降生 和受洗的双重节日、 称为“主显节”Epiphany, 亦称“显现节”即上帝通过耶稣向世人显示自己。 当时只有耶路撒冷的教会例外,那里只纪念耶稣的诞生而不纪念耶稣的受洗。

圣诞节的由来简介》出自:安格美文网
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圣诞节的由来简介